ORGANIC COMPONENTS OF OIL IN METEORITES AND COMETS

Author(s): 
List of sections: 
Physical chemistry
Mounth / Year: 
2016, April
Issue of the journal: 
8
Pages: 
19-24
Type of the article: 
Scientific article
Code: 
U.D.C. 553.982 + 553.988
Abstract: 

Evidentiary basis of the abiogenic petroleum origin (on Earth) theory is the presence of carbon, including its organic forms, in meteorites and comets, where no biogenic substances are present. It is shown that normal and branched alkanes, cycloalkanes, isoprenoids, pristine and fistine, alkenes, aromatic hydrocarbons, alkyl benzenes, naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene, carboxylic acids, pyrimidines, purines, gunilmochevina, porphyrins, aminoacids have been found in meteorites. Among the organic substances identified in the methanol extract taken from the Murchison meteorite the authors have discovered molecules that have an average formula C100H155O20N3S3. As for the Chelyabinsk meteorite, among the gases revealed in the course of degassing at 343K there were methane, ethane, propane, butane, heptane, hexane, ethene, propene, and pentene. In the comet dust of the comet 81P / Wild 2 there were found methylamine, ethylamine, and glycine. In the comet 67P / Churyumov-Gerasimenko molecules of acetone, propanal, formaldehyde and methyl isocyanate were found; on the surface of the comet presence of the polymer molecules was shown. It is shown that the organic substances in comets and meteorites are also formed at low temperatures; at high temperatures the transformation of organic compounds towards the formation of substances with a high isobaric potential is observed.

Keywords: 
abiotic oil, organic substance, biotic substance, space, meteorite, comet, planet, cosmochemistry, reaction mechanism
References: 

1. Simonyan G.S. Organicheskoye veshchestvo v mezhzvezdnoy srede [Organic matter in the interstellar medium]. Peer-reviewed materials digest (collective monograph) published following the results of the CXXII International Research and Practice Conference and I stage of the Championship in Physics and Mathematics, Chemistry, Earth and Space Sciences (London, April 27 - May 6, 2016)., International Academy of Science and Higher Education. – London., IASHE, 2016., pp. 14-17.
2. Simonyan G.S. Abiogennoye organicheskoye veshchestvo v solnechnoy sisteme [Abiogenous organic matter in the Solar System]., Peer-reviewed materials digest (collective monograph) published following the results of the CXXIX International Research and Practice Conference and II stage of the Championship in Physics and Mathematics, Chemistry, Earth and Space Sciences (London, September 13 – September 19, 2016 International Academy of Science and Higher Education (London, UK). - London Published by IASHE., 2016. –pp. 13-18.
3. Kudryavtsev N.A. Genezis nefti i gaza [The genesis of oil and gas]. – Leningrad., Nedra, 1973. – 216 p.
4. Kanoza A. Kinetika gazofaznykh reaktsiy pri sverkhnizkikh temperaturakh: sovremennyye dostizheniya v khimii ugleroda s ispol'zovaniyem metoda CRESU. Uspekhi khimii [Kinetics of gas-phase reactions at very low temperatures: recent advances in carbon chemistry using CRESU method. Success in Chemistry]. – 2007. Vol. 76, Issue.12., pp. 1171–1184.
5. Molecules in Space. Universität zu Köln Physikalisches Institut Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät Fachgruppe Physik., Access mode: https://www.astro.uni-koeln.de/cdms/molecules
6. Kononovich E.V., Moroz V.I. Obshchiy kurs astronomii Uchebnoye posobiye [The general course of astronomy. Textbook]. 2-nd ed., rev. - Moscow., Yeditorial, 2004. - 544 p.
7. Petrov A.A., Bal'yan X.V., Troshchenko A.T. Organicheskaya khimiya: Uchebnik dlya vuzov [Organic Chemistry: textbook for high schools]., Ed by. Stadnichuka M.D. - 5-th ed., rev. and ext. - St. Petersburg., Ivan Fedorov, 2002. - 624 p.
8. Vdovykin G.P. Uglerodistoye veshchestvo meteoritov. (Organicheskiye soyedineniya, almazy, grafit) [Carbonaceous matter of meteorites. (Organic compounds, diamond, graphite)]. – Moskva., Science, 1967. –271p.
9. Nooner D.W., Oro J. Organic compounds in meteorites. I: Aliphatic hydrocarbons. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. – 1967., Vol. 31, pp.1359-1394. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(67)90018-x
10. Levy R.L., Wolf C.J., Drayson M.A., Gilbert J., Gelpi E., I'pdcgrove W.S., Zlatkis L., Ogo J. Organic analisis of the Pueblito di Allende meteorite., Nature. – 1970., Vol. 227, No. 5254., pp. 148-150 https://doi.org/10.1038/227148a0
11. Belsky T., Kaplan I.R. Light hydrocarbon gases. C13, and origin of organic matter in carbonaceous chondrites. Gcocb. Cosmoch. Acta. – 1970., Vol. 34, No. 3., pp. 257-278 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(70)90105-5
12. Voytkevich G.V. Vozniknoveniye i razvitiye zhizni na Zemle [Emergence and development of life on Earth].–Moskva., Science, 1988. – 144p.
13. Schmitt-Kopplin P., Gabelica Z., Gougeon R.D., Fekete A., Kanawati B., Harir M., Gebefuegi I., Eckel G., Hertkorn N. High molecular diversity of extraterrestrial organic matter in Murchison meteorite revealed 40 years after its fall., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. – 2010., Vol. 107 (7)., pp. 2763–2768. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0912157107
14. Galimov E.M., Kolotov V.P., Nazarov M.A., Kostitsyn Yu.A., Kubrakova I.V., Kononkova N.N., Roshchina I.A., Alekseyev V.A., Kashkarov L.L., Badyukov D.D., Sevast'yanov V.S. Rezul'taty veshchestvennogo analiza meteorita chelyabinsk Geokhimiya [Results of the substantial analysis of the Chelyabinsk meteorite., Geochemistry]. – 2013., Vol. 51., No. 7., pp. 580–598. https://doi.org/10.1134/s0016702913070100
15. Romanovskaya G.I. Opredeleniye organicheskikh soyedineniy v nekotorykh obraztsakh chelyabinskogo meteorita metodom sinkhronnoy spektrofluorimetrii. Geokhimiya [Determination of organic compounds in some samples of the Chelyabinsk meteorite using the synchronous spectrofluorometry method. Geochemistry]. – 2013., Vol. 51., No. 7., pp. 650–653. https://doi.org/10.1134/s0016702913070148
16. Alekseyev V.A, Berkut A.I., Mel'nik N.N.. Issledovaniye meteoritov metodom KRS. Chelyabinskiy meteorit i Tungusskiy fenomen. V kn. Kombinatsionnoye rasseyane – 85 let issledovaniy [The study of meteorites by the RNC. Chelyabinsk meteorite and the Tunguska phenomenon. - 85 years of research]., Ed. by. A.N. Vtyurin. – Krasnoyarsk., IF SO RAN, 2013., pp. 162-171.
17. Boyarchuk A.A., Grinin V.P., Zvereva A.M., Petrov P.P., Sheikhet A.I. A model for the coma of Comet Halley, based on the Astron ultraviolet spectrophotometry., Pisma v Astronomicheskii Zhurnal [Letters to the Astronomical Journal], Vol. 12, Sept. 1986, pp. 696-706., Soviet Astronomy Letters, Vol. 12, Sept.-Oct. 1986, pp. 291-296. Translation
18. Mousis O., Lunine J.I., Luspay-Kuti A., Guillot T., Marty B., Ali-Dib M., Wurz P., Altwegg K., Bieler A., Hässig M., Rubin M., Vernazza P., Waite J. H. A Protosolar Nebula Origin for the Ices Agglomerated by Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko., The Astrophysical Journal Letters. – 2016., Vol. 819, No. 2., p. 33. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/819/2/l33